Why Philosophy of Science Matters to Science Education
Epistemology is the branch of philosophy that studies concepts such as knowledge, evidence, induction, prediction, rationality, justified belief, and probability. Epistemologists study these topics both in the context of scientific practice and in the context of the everyday problems that nonscientists face.
The etymology of “epistemology” often leads philosophers to define epistemology as the theory of knowledge, but the practice of epistemologists shows that they are interested in a wider range of concepts and problems. For example, if you buy a ticket in a lottery, it seems false to say that you know that your ticket will lose. But it may be true that you are justified in believing that it will lose; after all, the probability of its losing is very high. There is more to epistemology than the topic of knowledge.